"Properties of Stones and Crystals"
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TANZANITE

Metaphysical Properties- Tanzanite is a beautiful purple crystal from Tanzania, Africa.  It was discovered in 1967 when Tiffany Jewelers introduced it to the market. Robert Simmons says that it integrates the energies of the mind and heart, helping one to remained centered in the heart's wisdom while evaluating the ideas of the activated mind.  It opens a cascade of thoughts and insights, but it keeps one calmly anchored upon the inner throne of compassionate humanity, thereby insuring that one be not carried away on mental tangents of little true value.  When one's eyes rest upon Tanzanite of good quality and color, one is stirred by their beauty and the beauty one appreciates is a reflection of the mental and emotional qualities these stones awaken in the self.  Naisha Ahsian feels that Tanzanite activates the third-eye, crown and etheric chakras, producing visions, messages and information from higher vibrational sources.  It creates a link between the heart and mind, allowing one to perceive situations, experiences and circumstances from the perspective of enlightened compassion.  Tanzanites frequency aids one in sharing spiritual information and knowledge from heart-centered perspective.  It is excellent for counselors or others who are in the position of needing to intellectually interpret emotional  experiences.  It can assist empathic people in forming interpretations of the emotionally based information they receive intuitively.  Tanzanite can be used to help calm the overactive mind and can be used to help an overactive thyroid or adrenals.

Numerology-  Tanzanite vibrates to the number 2.

Gemological Properties- Tanzanite also known as blue zoisite, is a calcium aluminum silicate mineral with a hardness of 6.5 to 7. Orthorhombic crystal system. naturally occurring crystals are usually a golden to a brownish yellow color, when heated to around 900 degrees F. they crystals turn to a vivid blue or blue-violet.



TIGER IRON

Tiger iron is about actualisation - the capacity to realise potential and possibilities. It is remarkably grounded as a stone - holding the energy clearly in the moment and fully focussed - perhaps why it occurs uniquely in this "down to earth" country of ours.

It helps us recognise what needs to be done, particularly in practical matters and then just get it done. It also works at bridging the base, 2nd and 3rd chakras to make more energy available and accessible for getting these things done. Sometimes the things that we "need to do" are not that pleasurable and whilst Tiger Iron doesn't miraculously make them fun, it does give us the tenacity, focus and energy to "get on with it" and move through them onto things that are more enjoyable.

Tiger Iron is also a remarkable stone of protection, at a very practical level.  It encompasses the capacity of hematite to reflect negative energy, the watchfulness of danger of the Tiger Eye and "blood oath" loyal protection of the Red Jasper. Together they protect us - from danger and importantly from our own procrastination.


THULITE-Stone of Harmony and Compassion

Metaphysical Properties- Thulite is a naturally occurring stone which is also from a metamorphic formation deposit in Eastern Washington State, USA. Thulite, the pink variety of Zoisite, a calcium aluminum silicate, occurs in lenses 3 feet across in a hornblende gneiss. Thulite has been found at other localities, namely Norway, but tends to be more of a rusty reddish color in appearance. This Thulite tends to be a finer mineral than the Norwegian variety, it is not as harsh or coarse either physically or energetically.

This rare and unusual variety of Thulite displays three colors; Pink which is about unconditional love, self love, receiving and giving love and compassion. Learning to love in a more positive way. Green which about growth and is very healing. And black which is a very grounding energy. (It is very unusual to find this color combination occurring naturally).

Thulite is helping us to relearn what we have forgotten, teaches us to understand pain and suffering of abuse, mainly of love and how to change it. You could say it is a new beginning in the way you view, feel and relate to love! Thulite helps us to have love and compassion for the plant, mineral and animal kingdoms, it is a stone of harmony and compassion bringing community together for the greatest good. It is wonderful for teaching children to love in both mind and spirit. Love and beauty and the capacity to create and express it. 4th ray; harmony through conflict.

Physically Thulite heals issues dealing with the heart area, heart disease, and lung issues. Benefits asthma and bronchitis in children. It does this through emotional healing, comfort and support.

Numerology-  Thulite vibrates to the number 5.  The freedom to understand love and compassion while taking it to the next level.

Gemological Properties- Thulite is a naturally occurring stone which is also from a metamorphic formation deposit in Eastern Washington State, USA. Thulite, the pink variety of Zoisite, a calcium aluminum silicate, occurs in lenses 3 feet across in a hornblende gneiss. Thulite has been found at other localities, namely Norway, but tends to be more of a rusty reddish color in appearance. This Thulite tends to be a finer mineral than the Norwegian variety, it is not as harsh or coarse either physically or energetically. The Hardness is a 6.5.


TIGERS EYE

Metaphysical Properties- Tigers eye is a stone used for protection, the gemstones appearance of an eye suggests its use by the doctrine of signatures. Tigers eye is also a solar plexus stone, deepening perception and clarity of self, giving us courage when we need it most.  It is about change and transformation which comes from inner knowledge.  I like to use Tigers Eye for manifesting of ideas and to place visualizations into reality, it helps us to obtain goals by taking direct action and by knowing when to act or wait.  It strengthens and energizes our sense of purpose, stimulating and strengthens power within.  I feel that this is a very important stone which all of us should include in our healing kits.

Numerology- Vibrates to the number 4.  Structure and hard work.

Gemological Properties- Tigers Eye is in the Quartz family of minerals.  It is a variety of Quartz in which the quartz has replaced crocidolite (a form of asbestos) without disturbing the original fibrous structure of the crocidolite.  Hawks eye is also in this same quartz family of minerals, but instead of being the brownish yellow to brownish red variety, it is grayish blue in color.


BLUE TIGERS EYE/HAWKS EYE

Metaphysical Properties-Being that this is a combination of gold (solar plexus) and of dark blue (third eye) this stone may help one to find the courage to recognize ideas and thoughts more clearly.  Allows one courage and will power to understand ideas and then to actually carry them out.

Numerology- Vibrates to the number 7.

Gemological Properties- Tigers Eye is in the Quartz family of minerals.  It is a variety of Quartz in which the quartz has replaced crocidolite (a form of asbestos) without disturbing the original fibrous structure of the crocidolite.  Hawks eye is also in this same quartz family of minerals, but instead of being the brownish yellow to brownish red variety, it is grayish blue in color.


TEKTITE

Metaphysical Properties- Tektites are suspected of being of meteoric origin.  They are rich in silica similar to natural glass (obsidian).  Tektites are protective in nature and aid one in grounding into Earth reality.  They are said to activate the third eye, assists one in visionary work, as  well as assisting in both lucid dreaming and dream recall.

Numerology-  Vibrates to the number 9.

Gemological Properties- Tektites are still poorly understood. They are irregularly- and at times intricately-shaped nodules and blobs of a glassy substance. They have no crystal structure, and are therefore similar to obsidian, but are not associated with volcanic processes. Their chemistry is unique and unexplained.

The leading theory concerning their origin is the "Meteorite Impact Theory". It is postulated that many odd events occur during a meteor's impact because of the tremendous heat and pressure produced. Tektites may be fused glass that formed during an impact of a meteor with layers of rock on the Earth's surface. Tektites occur in broad bands in specific localities in different parts of the world. These bands produce characteristically similar tektites and are sometimes loosely associated with meteorite craters or suspected craters. Could these fields represent splash material from an impact? Many believe so and this idea is gaining acceptance from many scientists. The odd and diverse chemistry of the tektites could be a result of unique meteorites hitting unique rock types with the combinations producing particular effects.

Some tektites, called Moldavites, are especially prized for their clarity and unique green color. Moldavites are found in a "splash field" centered around Moldavia in former Czechoslovakia and are believed to have come from a meteorite crater in Germany. Moldavites are sometimes cut as gemstones or put into jewelry as natural uncut pieces to show off their often eerie and beautifully intricate shapes. Color is black or green, Luster is vitreous to dull. Transparency: Gemmy tektites are transparent to translucent, but most are nearly opaque. Crystal System does not apply because tektites are amorphous. Habits are usually small nodules or splinters that vary from simple rounded shapes to very intricate natural carvings.  Hardness is 5 - 6.  Specific Gravity is approximately 2.5 (somewhat light).  Notable Occurrences include Moldavia region of Eastern Europe; Thailand and southeast Asia; Australia and Georgia, USA.


TOPAZ

Metaphysical Properties- Topaz is highly energizing and warming.  It is used to stimulate the intellect; it aids abstract thinking and creativity from the mental level to concrete physical form.  It is a stone of trust and protection; it draws out negativity, exhaustion, and tension.  Place a Imperial Topaz in your home to protect against break-ins and fire. Physically, Imperial Topaz is said to increase blood circulation, aids liver and kidney diseases, and is for sexual dysfunction.  It is also said to relieve the pain associated with arthritis and rheumatism.

Golden Topaz is highly energizing and warming.  It is used to stimulate the intellect; it aids abstract thinking and creativity from the mental level to concrete physical form.  It is a stone of trust and protection; it draws out negativity, exhaustion, and tension.  Place a Golden Topaz in your home to protect against break-ins and fire. Physically, Golden Topaz is said to increase blood circulation, aids liver and kidney diseases, and is for sexual dysfunction.  It is also said to relieve the pain associated with disorders of the liver, gall bladder and endocrine glands.

Topaz is a common gemstone that has been used for centuries as jewelry. The stone is one of the hardest minerals, and is the hardest silicate mineral found in nature. A silicate of aluminum, topaz contains about 20 percent water and fluorine. The relative proportions of these impurities are responsible for the color of the stones. Crystals with more water are yellow to brown, while those with more fluorine are typically blue or colorless. The most popular color is a rich orange-yellow, resembling the color of sherry wine.

The ancient Greeks believed that the fiery crystal had the power to increase a person's strength and make its wearer invisible in times of emergency. Topaz was also said to change color in the presence of poisoned food or drink. The gem's mystical curative powers waxed and waned with the phases of the moon. When the powdered stone was mixed with wine, it was considered a cure for asthma, insomnia, burns and hemorrhages.

Some scholars trace the origin of the word topaz to the ancient Sanskrit word for fire, or tapas, a reference to its fiery orange color. These colors can change when exposed to sunlight and/or heat. Brown topaz can be bleached by sunlight and yellow topaz turns pink to purple-red when exposed to moderate heat. The latter phenomenon was discovered in 1750 by a Parisian jeweler who used it to create the first artificial pink topaz. Nearly all the pink topaz sold as jewelry has been heat-treated. "Burnt topaz" is often known as Brazilian ruby, as is the very rare, natural red topaz. Topaz occurs often in deposits of granite associated with other minerals, but it is also commonly found as rounded pellets in alluvial deposits (e.g., river beds, gravel), the result of being worn down by water and sand for thousands of years. The most notable occurrences are in Minas Gerias, Brazil; Pakistan; San Diego Co, California; the Ural Mountains, Russia; Mexico; and the Thomas Range, Utah.

Many gem scholars agree that the tradition of birthstones arose from the Breastplate of Aaron described in the Bible (Exodus 28, 15-30)

Numerology- Vibrates to the number 9.

Gemological Properties-Topaz is a mineral species from the orthorhombic crystal system.  The chemical composition is Al2(F,OH)2SiO4.  Topaz occurs in the colors yellow, orange, brown, pink to red to purple-red, light to dark blue, light green, and colorless. It is a transparent gemstone which you usually see faceted.  The refractive index is 1.619-1.627 and the specific gravity is 3.53.  Many of the faceted gemstones you see on the market are enhanced through heat or irradiation.  This improves the color and appearance of each stone, thus commanding a higher price per carat.  This stone is fairly hard being a 8 on the Moe’s Scale of Hardness.  Topaz is fairly abundant; the main producers are Brazil, Nigeria, and Burma.


TOPAZ BLUE

Metaphysical Properties- Blue Topaz is a wonderful stone for self expression and communication.  It allows one to clearly verbalize their desires and needs.  Use Blue Topaz when you feel a need to communicate your thoughts in a fashion which is easily understood by others.

Numerology- Vibrates to the number 3.

Gemological Properties-Topaz is a mineral species from the orthorhombic crystal system.  The chemical composition is Al2(F,OH)2SiO4.  Topaz occurs in the colors yellow, orange, brown, pink to red to purple-red, light to dark blue, light green, and colorless. It is a transparent gemstone which you usually see faceted.  The refractive index is 1.619-1.627 and the specific gravity is 3.53.  Many of the faceted gemstones you see on the market are enhanced through heat or irradiation.  This improves the color and appearance of each stone, thus commanding a higher price per carat.  This stone is fairly hard being a 8 on the Moe’s Scale of Hardness.  Topaz is fairly abundant; the main producers are Brazil, Nigeria, and Burma.


TOURMALINE

Metaphysical Properties-Red Tourmaline Clears the emotional body of past-life and this-life traumas and negative emotional patterns. This stone is deep and fast acting and can cause intense healing. This crystal may bring up issues that you are not ready to deal with, use your intuition when working with this beautiful crystal.

Green Tourmaline stone clears the emotional body of past life as well as this life traumas and negative emotional patterns, it is protective in the sense that it offers safety and trust while detoxifying. (Please keep in mind that green tourmaline can be a deep-acting and fast-acting gemstone which can cause intense emotional releases, so please be prepared.)

Pink Tourmaline is a good choice for children recovering from abuse. Brings deep comforting love energy.  Transforms negative behavior into positive.

Numerology- Vibrates to the numbers 6 and 9.

Gemological Properties- Tourmaline is its own mineral species and belongs to the hexagonal crystal system.  The chemical composition is Na(Mg,Fe)3Al6(OH)4(BO3)3(Si6O18).  Tourmaline occurs in many colors; black, red, brown, pink, watermelon, red, bi-color, green, and blue.  Cats eye stones are also available.  It is a transparent gemstone which you usually see faceted, however, I do see cabochons, beads and carvings as well.  The refractive index is 1.61-1.65 and the specific gravity is 3.00.  The hardness is 7.5.  Main sources include Brazil, Madagascar, California, and Australia.


BLACK TOURMALINE/SCHORL

Metaphysical Properties- Black Tourmaline is a 1st chakra stone that aids in making changes and transformations.  It grounds and deflects negativity and is uses as a protection stone.  It transforms internal negativity, changes and then releases it.  I also feel that it protects one from negativity from outside influences.  Rubbing a black tourmaline crystal with a wool cloth or heating it raises static electricity and causes a positive charge on one end, a negative charge on the other.  Use this crystal to draw out negativity and disease from all chakras; simply hold a black tourmaline over the blocked chakra and rotate the crystal counter clock wise to open the blocks.  This crystal is also used as a grounding stone, good for those who cannot just 'be'.

Numerology- Vibrates to the numbers 3 and 4.

Gemological Properties- Tourmaline is its own mineral species and belongs to the hexagonal crystal system.  The chemical composition is Na(Mg,Fe)3Al6(OH)4(BO3)3(Si6O18).  Tourmaline occurs in many colors; black, red, brown, pink, watermelon, red, bi-color, green, and blue.  Cats eye stones are also available.  It is a transparent gemstone which you usually see faceted, however, I do see cabochons, beads and carvings as well.  The refractive index is 1.61-1.65 and the specific gravity is 3.00.  The hardness is 7.5.  Main sources include Brazil, Madagascar, California, and Australia.


TURQUOISE

Metaphysical Properties- Turquoise is a very sacred stone used for centuries by the native american's in all healing work.  I like to think of this stone as one of peace, serenity and tranquility, it allows me to feel at peace with my surroundings and those who come into my life.  It has also helped me to know my role in this incarnation allowing me to be a part of the 'universal plan'.  In healing this stone connects the spiritual bodies with the other levels of existence: the physical, emotional, and intellectual.  A stone of balance, protection and love that overlaps the heart and throat, Turquoise is a stone that connects the three upper and three lower chakras, the seen and unseen bodies of the aura.  Some say that this stone brings one luck and is good for relationships.

Numerology- Vibrates to the number 1.

Gemological Properties- Turquoise is a mineral species which belongs to the Triclinic crystal system.  The chemical composition is CuAl6(OH)8(PO4)4.4H2O.  The color of Turquoise ranges from pale-green, blue-green, and rarely, fine blues, commonly shading within same specimen because of variations in compactness.  Hues deepen with impregnation by waxes, oils, and plastics.  Turquoise is opaque in appearance.  It is a very abundant stone which is seen in cabochons, carvings and beads.
The refractive index is 1.62 and offers a specific gravity of 2.6-2.9.  The hardness is fairly soft, 4 or so on the Moes Scale of Hardness.


Properties of  Stones.
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